Georgia is situated in the western and central parts of Transcaucasia. It is surrounded by the main Caucasian mountain range on the North and by the branches of the main range on the East and the South and the Black Sea on the West. The whole history of the country mostly lived on this territory. The state borders of Georgia have been changing, expanding and In inking for centuries. The central region of Georgia is Kartli. The name of the people "Kartveli" and the name of the country "Sakartvelo" have originated from this word.Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

Capital: Tbilisi

Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Population: 4,661,473 (July 2006 est.)

Ethnic Make-up: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)
Highest point - Mount Shkhara 5,201 m
Longest river - Mtkvari, 1,364 km